Every 1 May is Labour Day in the Central African nation of Chad. also known as International Workers’ Day. It is a time to celebrate the talents, skills, and accomplishments of workers across all industries in Chad and to press for improved pay and working conditions.
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In Chad, 25 May is African Liberation Day, so that May is the month of the worker and of the worker’s freedom from past exploitation by the colonial French rulers. May is also filled with outdoor recreational activities as people make use of their day off.
The origin of the holiday is the 4 May 1886 Haymarket Massacre during a labour protest in Chicago, USA. As the world industrialised in the mid to late 1800’s, the dismal working conditions in many factories led to a protest movement.
The Haymarket Massacre became a key moment in the movement, leading to the establishment of Labour Day, then called “International Workers Day”, to demand things like an 8-hour work day, safer working conditions, and increased pay.