Every 5 July is Independence Day in Algeria to commemorate the end of French colonial rule over the country in 1962.
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France gained control of the city of Algiers in 1830, and they gradually spread out their control over all Algeria from there. After disease and war wiped out about a third of Algeria’s population, French citizens began migrating across the Mediterranean to repopulate and cultivate farmlands.
Despite the heavy settlements from France, Spain, Italy, and elsewhere, Algeria remained majority Muslim-Arab. After World War II, the desire for independence grew. Finally, French president Charles de Gaulle allowed a vote on independence in 1962, with a result overwhelmingly in favour of it. Many living in Algeria of French descent soon returned to France after Algeria became independent.
Every 5 July, Algerians don the colour green and party in the streets. There are also parades, concerts, and other events, especially in the capital city of Algiers.