Ghana celebrates is independence day every 6 March, commemorating the day in 1957 when it ended its status as a British colony. Led by Kwame Nkrumah and the other members of “The Big Six”, Ghana successfully won its freedom after a decade-long campaign of the United Gold Coast Convention between 1947 and 1957.
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In the decade following Ghana’s independence, 30 more African nations emerged from colonialism, in keeping with the vision and the independence speech of Kwame Nkrumah. Ghana was the first sub-Saharan nation to free itself from foreign rule, and this led to the eruption of independence movements all over the continent.
Ghana’s flag was also adopted on 6 March, 1957. The top stripe is red, standing for the blood shed in the struggle for independence. The middle stripe is yellow, symbolising Ghana’s enormous mineral wealth, particularly and historically in gold. And the bottom stripe is green, in reference to the nation’s forest lands.
Independence Day is a time of street partying, parading school children in Accra’s Black Star Square, and a special presidential speech. It is a time to reaffirm national unity as well as national sovereignty.