In Mozambique, 7 September is Lusaka Peace Agreement Day, also known as “Victory Day”. The day looks back to the time in 1974 when the bloody war for independence from Portugal finally came to an end with the signing of the Lusaka Accord.
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For over 400 years, Portugal had ruled Mozambique as a colony and had treated the people extremely harshly, meanwhile extracting the country’s rich natural resources for the benefit of the “mother country”.
In 1964, the people of Mozambique finally rose up and revolted against these longstanding oppressions. The Front for the Liberation of Mozambique led the way, but other groups also fought for freedom from Portugal. After a decade of conflict, a regime change in Portugal finally led to Portugal agreeing to recognise Mozambique’s independence in the Lusaka Peace Agreement of 1974. This agreement made Mozambique officially independent in 1975.
On Lusaka Peace Agreement Day, the president of Mozambique gives a speech and lays down a wreath on a monument dedicated to the nation’s heroes, in a solemn ceremony. It is a time to remember the sacrifice of those who secured Mozambique’s independence and a time to focus on improving the present state of the country.