On 9 April each year, Tunisia celebrates Martyrs’ Day to honour those who fought and died, in the war for independence from France between 1952 and 1956.
|2020||9 Apr||Thu||Martyrs' Day|
|2021||9 Apr||Fri||Martyrs' Day|
However, it also encompasses those who took earlier actions in the struggle for independence, such as being a part of Habib Bourguiba’s Neo-Destour organisation that spread independence sentiments among the people after World War I and after World War II.
After World War I, As the French opposed the raising of hopes of independence among Tunisians, there were tense encounters, and some were arrested or even killed or wounded. When World War II came, the Nazi occupiers of Tunisia and France tried to convince Tunisia’s independence leaders to join them and fight against the Allies, but they refused to comply.
After World War II, however, Habib Bourguiba again rallied people to the cause of independence, and soon the war for independence began. By 1956, victory had been achieved.